What is the significance of trust (Amaanah) in Islam, particularly within the framework of Shariah?


Trust (Amaanah) in Islam holds two distinct meanings: a general one encompassing all commands and prohibitions of the faith, and a specific one involving three well-known scenarios: Financial rights established through contracts and covenants, encompassing items entrusted to a person for safekeeping, loans, rentals, and similar arrangements. This category also includes situations where there is no explicit contract, as in the case of found items and lost property. Safeguarding people’s confidences and keeping their secrets, whether in social, public, or private spheres. It is important to recognize that fulfilling positions of responsibility, regardless of their social, public, or private nature, should be undertaken with a foundation of truth and justice. This principle is underscored in the Qur’an, where Allah states: Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people, to judge with justice. (4:58)